City Profile

Population: 1001077

  • Ottawa has the highest total number of community gardens at 129, and with population factored in, has more than double the median with nearly 13 community gardens per 100,000 residents.
  • With 237 parks that allow dogs off-leash, Ottawa has the highest total number of off-leash dog areas, as well as the highest per population with nearly 24 per 100,000 residents.
  • Ottawa is one of about a quarter of cities that offer a formal park volunteer program, a grant program, and a policy to waive permit fees for groups showing financial need.
  • Ottawa’s first outdoor bike park opened in 2019 atop a former ski hill at Carlington Park, through a partnership with the Ottawa Mountain Biking Association.
  • The city has created an interactive map of Ottawa’s natural areas including descriptions of what nature-lovers will see and experience at each site.
  • Park staff worked with the city’s Environmental Remediation Unit to remediate and cap former landfill and other contaminated sites as part of park redevelopments, including Bayview Friendship Park, Springhurst Park and Reid Park.
Data 2020


ha parkland per 1000 people

4466 ha of total parkland¹


of total parkland is natural area

1510 total ha


of total city land is parkland

279600 ha of total city area


Dog parks


Community gardens/urban farms

400 m

Parkland provision goal (distance to park)

or a 5 minute walk


Policy to waive permit fees for groups with financial need?


Outdoor Rink Program

Community park group program


Provincially legislated tools available for parkland development

Community Benefits Charge³

¹This number does not include provincially or federally owned/managed parkland, which is significant in Ottawa and estimated at 1600 ha. ²In addition, there are 2 large off-leash dog parks on NCC property. ³This tool was introduced in 2019 and is still under review. Previous Provincial legislation allowed 5% of development site or cash-in-lieu. The City of Ottawa has a policy in place to designate Environmental Protection Zones, however the data for these areas within the municipal parks system is unavailable.

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