City Profile

Population: 1704694

  • At 2.6 hectares of parkland per 1,000 people, Montreal sits in line with other dense cities such as Toronto and Vancouver.
  • Montreal is one of 56% of cities that have a seniors strategy that includes parks.
  • Montreal is one of 63% of cities with a citywide park system master plan updated within the last 10 years.
  • In 2019, Montreal’s mayor, Valérie Plante, became ICLEI world ambassador for local biodiversity and will serve as the global representative of the protection of nature and biodiversity by local governments.
  • Montreal is planning the new Grand Parc de l’Ouest, which could become Canada’s largest urban park at over 3,000 hectares.
  • Montreal has created a publicly accessible map of surface thermography in the city, showing heat islands and tree canopy.
Data 2020


ha parkland per 1000 people

4470 ha of total parkland²


of total parkland is natural area

1760 total ha


of total city land is parkland

36520 ha of total city area


Dog parks


Community gardens/urban farms


Parkland provision goal (ha per 1000 people)


Policy to waive permit fees for groups with financial need?

*Depends on the borough


Provincially legislated tools available for parkland development

10% of development site or cash-in-lieu

¹Source: 2016 Census. ²There are 1,953 additional hectares of green space in Montreal, including school parks and other green spaces belonging to federal and provincial institutions. The city is made up of 19 boroughs that are responsible for managing about 1,300 local parks. The boroughs also have separate powers and budgets to see to the cleaning of public spaces and offer social development initiatives, sports and cultural activities and urban planning services to the local population. Each borough can decide on how it breaks up these services.

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